This section provides an overview for lithium batteries as well as their applications and principles. Also, please take a look at the list of 28 lithium battery manufacturers and their company rankings. Here are the top-ranked lithium battery companies as of November, 2023: 1.TYVA Energie, 2.EVS Supply, 3.Exponential Power.
Postdoctoral researcher, conducting research on the production of cathode composite particles for solid-state batteries in the Equipment Engineering Group of Osaka Prefecture University.
Belongs to the Resource and Energy Recycling Laboratory, Nagaoka University of Technology, and conducts research on the development of DDR-type zeolite membranes for CO2 separation and the capture of CO2 from digestion gas generated from sewage treatment plants.
A lithium battery is a type of chemical battery that produces electricity through a chemical reaction. Although the name is similar to that of a lithium-ion battery and is easily confused, a lithium-ion battery is a rechargeable battery based on an intercalation reaction that uses a carbon material capable of storing lithium ions as its negative electrode.
Lithium batteries, on the other hand, use metallic lithium or lithium alloys for the negative electrode and are generally non-rechargeable primary batteries.
Click here for a detailed description of lithium batteries and a list of 36 manufacturers.
The positive electrode of a lithium battery can be made of manganese dioxide, graphite fluoride, or iron disulfide. Typically, when we refer to a lithium battery, we mean a lithium manganese dioxide battery.
Lithium has the greatest tendency to cationize among all metals and is also the lightest metal. For this reason, lithium batteries are characterized by high voltage, light weight, and high energy density. They are widely used as internal power sources for clocks and memory backup in various household electrical equipment such as Blu-ray/DVD recorders, digital cameras, game consoles, rice cookers, and communication devices.
Some types also have stable discharge characteristics, long-term reliability, and excellent shelf life at high temperatures. This makes them widely used as power sources for various types of water, electricity, and gas meters and smart meters, fire alarms, security equipment, medical equipment, and other important devices.
Lithium batteries use manganese dioxide, graphite fluoride, or iron disulfide for the positive electrode, lithium metal for the negative electrode, and an organic electrolyte made by dissolving lithium salts in an organic solvent as the electrolyte.
Lithium metal on the negative electrode is ionized from the point where it contacts the electrolyte and dissolves into the electrolyte as lithium ions, and one electron is generated for each lithium atom lithiated. The electrons then move to the conductor and the lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode via the electrolyte, causing a chemical reaction with the cathode material.
Compared to other batteries such as alkaline batteries, lithium batteries have the following features:
While alkaline batteries have a nominal voltage of 1.5 V, manganese dioxide batteries, which are widely used, have a higher nominal voltage of 3 V. Lightweight and high-voltage, they have a high energy density and can be used in smaller devices by reducing the number of batteries from two or more to just one.
The cathode of a lithium battery is a chemically stable material that does not deteriorate easily and can maintain more than 90% of its capacity even after 10 years of storage.
In addition, a comparison of battery life in equipment requiring relatively high current (e.g., photographic equipment) shows that lithium batteries can be expected to last about twice as long as alkaline dry cell batteries. Although lithium batteries are more expensive than dry batteries, the frequency of battery replacement decreases, which may be advantageous in terms of total cost for equipment that requires a large amount of current.
However, when used in devices with low current consumption, such as calculators and TV remote control transmitters, the difference in life expectancy between lithium batteries and dry cell batteries is small, with no significant advantage.
Since the electrolyte of alkaline batteries and other batteries widely used in dry cell batteries is an aqueous solution, the reaction activity decreases in low-temperature environments. If the electrolyte freezes, the battery will not function as a battery. For this reason, the recommended operating temperature range for alkaline batteries is 5°C to 45°C.
On the other hand, lithium batteries use an organic electrolyte, which has a very low freezing point. They are also relatively stable at high temperatures, so power can be extracted over a wide temperature range. The operating temperature range for ordinary products is claimed to be -30 to 70°C, and for heat-resistant types, -40 to 125°C.
Because of these characteristics, lithium batteries are used as power sources for equipment in snowy mountaineering and for cameras and other equipment used for photography and video recording.
Generally speaking, lithium batteries are primary batteries that cannot be charged or discharged, but there are also secondary lithium batteries that can be charged and discharged. The following is an introduction to each type:
Commercially available primary lithium batteries are classified into three types by shape: cylindrical lithium batteries, coin-shaped lithium batteries, and pin-shaped lithium batteries.
While lithium batteries are generally primary batteries that cannot be recharged, there are also lithium secondary batteries that can be recharged by using a compound such as vanadium or titanium as the positive electrode and lithium metal or a lithium compound or alloy such as aluminum or titanium as the negative electrode, in coin form.
Not only do they have the same excellent characteristics as primary lithium batteries, but they also have excellent charge-discharge cycle characteristics. They are suitable for devices that do not want to or cannot replace lithium batteries midway. Examples of use are in solar-powered watches and backup power supplies for wristwatches.
*Including some distributors, etc.
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Tenergy Corporation was established in 2004 as a manufacturer and supplier of batteries, chargers, and electrical products. The corporation, headquartered in Silicon Valley, California, serves the transportation, storage, medical, battery, and military industries. Tenergy products include NiMH, Li-Polymer, LiFePO4, NiCd batteries, and chargers. Their products are also used in electronics and newer technologies. The company runs an online store called Tenergy POWER, and additionally, they offer full US-based support for troubleshooting and technical assistance.
Tadiran Batteries is a manufacturer of lithium batteries and energy storage solutions based in the USA. Established in 1963, their expertise lies in the manufacturing of primary and rechargeable lithium batteries for diverse industries such as medical devices, aerospace, defense, oil, and gas. They offer a wide range of products, including the TLI Series, PulsesPlus™ Series, and TLM Series batteries. The TLI Series batteries are known for their long-lasting power, reliability, and durability, making them ideal for utility meters, IoT devices, and medical equipment, while also excelling in extreme temperatures and harsh environments.
Exponential Power has roots dating back to 1915 and began with the merger of Storage Battery Systems and Summit Power Systems in 2014, and is now headquartered in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin. Exponential Power is a distributor of stored power solutions, serving offshore, telecom, energy-services, utilities, energy, data centers, motive power, material handling, distribution, and manufacturing industries. Exponential Power provides batteries, battery backs, power systems, battery cabinets, UPS, as well as other products. Exponential Power offers services such as installation, maintenance, repair, and rental equipment.
Elect-A-Van Service Supply (EVS) is an American distributor of batteries, lighting, and flashlights founded in 1967 as Elect-A-Van Service, Inc. Headquartered in Richardson, Texas, the company’s product inventory includes lithium and alkaline batteries, indoor and outdoor lighting solutions, and various flashlights such as weapon mounts, headlamps, spotlights, and household flashlights for various applications in oceanographic research, medical product development, agricultural operations, and the oil and gas industry. EVS also provides battery testing and customization services to clients with niche specifications.
Metabo is a company founded in the year 1920 and is based in Nurtingen, Germany as a manufacturer and supplier of professional power tools and cordless accessories. Their product portfolio includes cordless tools, drillers, screwdrivers, semi-stationary tools, bench grinders, and battery packs. They are incorporated with a cordless alliance system. The tools are used for various applications which include cutting, drilling, chiseling, sawing, vacuuming, and extraction. The products are used in multiple industries which include metal trades, construction trades, and renovation.
GmbH, founded in 2008 and based in Dettingen, Bayern, Germany, is a manufacturer and supplier of quality batteries and power storage solutions. The company's product portfolio includes a wide range of batteries, such as lead-acid batteries, lithium batteries, and gel batteries, designed for various applications like industrial, automotive, and renewable energy storage. Dynamis Batterien's advanced battery technologies ensure good power supply and efficient energy storage, meeting the diverse demands of industries worldwide. With an aim for sustainability, Dynamis Batterien aims to provide cutting-edge solutions that makes a greener and more efficient future.
SAFT, founded in 1918 and headquartered in Paris, France, is a manufacturer of lithium batteries and energy storage systems. The company is a subsidiary of TotalEnergies, a broad energy company that produces and markets energies on a global scale. Its offerings encompass lithium coin cells, lithium prismatic cells, lightweight lithium polymer cells for wearables and portable electronics, and energy storage systems for renewable energy and grid stabilization. Additionally, SAFT provides custom battery solutions tailored to specific needs, serving industries such as aerospace, energy, industrial automation, and medical sectors.
FDK Corporation, founded in 1950 and headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, is a manufacturer and supplier of electronic components and batteries. Its diverse product range includes alkaline batteries for devices like toys and remote controls, Ni-MH batteries for eco-friendly rechargeable power, lithium batteries for medical devices and smart meters, carbon-zinc batteries for economical energy, and power supplies encompassing switching units and DC-DC converters. Furthermore, the company has several production plants located all over the globe, such as in Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Germany.
GP Energy Tech, established in 2022 in China and Singapore, is a developer and manufacturer of energy storage solutions. The company specializes in rechargeable battery design and manufacturing, aimed at sustainability and cutting-edge technologies. Their high-performing batteries find applications in electric vehicles, renewable energy, consumer electronics, and specialized industries. GP Energy Tech prioritizes eco-friendly materials and processes to minimize environmental impact. With a heritage spanning six decades through GP Batteries, they leverage expertise and global reach to drive the transition to sustainable energy storage, ensuring a cleaner and more accessible world for the future generation.
Jauch Group, established in 1954 and based in Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany, is a manufacturer and supplier of quartz crystals, crystal oscillators, and battery technology. The company’s products are used in various applications, including frequency control components for electronics and battery solutions for diverse industries. The company offers in-depth technical consulting, certification expertise, and fast product delivery. With production facilities in Germany and strategic partnerships in Asia, the company ensures the availability of frequency control products. Besides, the company provides new technology solutions and great customer support, catering to the evolving needs of its clients.
Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. (Murata Manufacturing) was founded in 1944 and is headquartered in Nagaokakyo, Japan. Murata Manufacturing designs, manufactures, and sells ceramic-based passive electronic components and solutions globally. The company operates through components, modules, and others segments, serving communications, mobility, industrial, healthcare, and personal electronics customers. They company's product offerings include noise suppression products, quartz devices,RFID devices, phase shifters, and wireless connectivity platforms. Services such as webinars and video library are also available for existing and potential customers alike.
BLACK+DECKER, established in 1910, is a manufacturer of home and DIY products, headquartered in the USA and has been helping people worldwide turn houses into homes. The company’s main activity involves the manufacturing, marketing, and selling of hand tools, power tools, and related accessories. Its product range is extensive, catering to a wide audience from homeowners to professionals. In 2013, it introduced the MATRIX Quick Connect System that enables drill, cut, sand, and more with a base tool and much more with interchangeable attachments, to build workshop and tackle virtually any household task.
EEMB, founded in Hong Kong, in 1995 is a manufacturer of lithium batteries and Rechargeable Lithium batteries. The company's product portfolio includes Primary Lithium Batteries, Custom Battery Packs, Battery Terminations, and Energy Storage equipment. The company serves markets including Automotive and Electric Vehicles, Renewable Energy and Energy Storage and Electronics and IT Infrastructure. The company also provides services including national distribution, product selection, customized services, technical support and customer service.
Maxell, Ltd., established in 1960 and based in Kyoto, Japan, is a manufacturer of energy products, electrical appliances and industrial materials. The company manufactures batteries for industrial, medical, automotive, communication and other applications. It also produces lens units, oxygen sensors, projectors and functional materials like inks and electromagnetic absorbers. It is also working on developing next-generation technology like air patch battery and MID (Molded Interconnect Device) for forming circuit patterns on three-dimensional surfaces of resin components. The company has acquired IATF 16949 and multiple ISO certifications for quality management system.
Toshiba Lifestyle Products & Services Corporation, located in Kawasaki City, Kanagawa, Japan, has been a manufacturer and distributor of household appliances since 1875. The company offers a diverse range of home appliances, including refrigerators, microwaves, vacuum cleaners, irons, and rice cookers, along with washing machines, and air conditioners. With seven domestic group companies and nine overseas bases in Asia, it also operates five manufacturing plants and four sales companies in Thailand, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Hong Kong. The company distributes its products and services to customers worldwide.
Sysgration Ltd, founded in 1977 and located in Neihu District, Taipei City, is a manufacturer of Internet of Things, automotive electronics solutions, and energy management solutions. The company provides a diverse product portfolio, including a universal panel computer, a power conditioning system, and industrial tablet computer. These products have applications in various aspects of sustainable development, including corporate governance and supply chain management, environmental protection and climate change initiatives, and greenhouse gas and waste management.
Camelion Batterien GmbH was established in 1997 and is based in Berlin, Germany, as a manufacturer of power supply equipment. Its specialization is manufacturing alkaline batteries, rechargeable batteries, chargers, power banks, and flashlights. The company obtained several ISO certifications, including ISO 9001 and ISO 14000. It has partnered with companies such as Westinghouse and Shell. Its manufactured products are catered to the electronics, electrical appliances, automotive, and manufacturing fields across Germany.
TYVA Energie, based in Annonay, France, was created in 2013 and is a manufacturer and supplier of lithium batteries. The company creates technologies, such as Battery Management Systems (BMS), parallel battery connections for enhanced capacity, and battery reconditioning methods for longer lifespans. The company's lithium battery solutions power electric vehicles, drones, robots, and defense technology. It also works on compact and modular batteries for flexibility, fire protection systems for safety, digital applications for smooth user interface, and ultra-fast charging systems for speedy replenishment.
LiTime is a lithium battery and sustainable energy manufacturer established in the United States since 2009. The company specializes in lithium batteries, ultra-fast chargers, solar panels, portable power stations and solar charge controllers, among others. It serves industries such as automotive, construction, camping and recreation, military and maritime, enabling sustainability and effective energy solutions with long-lasting performance, clean and renewable energy for the environment. With global customers, it has an online store that allows people and companies to explore and access accessible and affordable electrical products.
Victron Energy B.V., established in 1975, is a designer and manufacturer of products for battery-based energy systems. Evolving from a single-office startup to an international enterprise, the company offers nearly 1,000 different products sold globally. Its product line includes sinewave inverters, sinewave inverters/chargers, battery chargers, transfer switches, and battery monitors, serving the purpose of efficiently combining diverse power sources. The company holds numerous certifications of its products and operations such as the ISO9001 and Safety UL certifications.
Kurt J. Lesker Company was founded in 1954 and is a manufacturer and distributor of vacuum equipments based in Jefferson Hills, Pennsylvania, United States. The company manufactures various vacuum products such as vacuum chambers, vacuum pumps, pressure measuring devices, polymer coatings, and thin film deposition systems. The products are used in various fields such as decorative coatings, aerospace, electronics, optics, and LED. The company has obtained the ISO 9001 standard certificate.
Solar Biz Inc. began in the 1970s in Ft. Atkinson, Wisconson. Solar Biz offers complete solar panel systems for residential and commercial customers ranging from under 5 watts to over 400 watts. Systems include solar panel components with racking and mounting, inverters, power centers, solar charge controllers, batteries, and accessories, AC and DC enclosures, circuit protection, hydro and wind generators and accessories, water pumps and water filtering, tanks, heaters, hot tubs, rain catchments, and appliances such as fans, gas ranges, refrigerators and freezers.