This section provides an overview for trinitrotoluene (tnt) as well as their applications and principles. Also, please take a look at the list of 3 trinitrotoluene (tnt) manufacturers and their company rankings. Here are the top-ranked trinitrotoluene (tnt) companies as of December, 2023: 1.Pharmaffiliates, 2.KANTO CHEMICAL CO.,INC., 3.Merck.
TNT is an organic compound consisting of three nitro groups bonded to toluene, sometimes abbreviated as TNT.
It has six isomers, but is basically 2,4,6-TNT. It is a pale yellow crystal with a melting point of 80.7°C. It is produced by nitration of toluene with concentrated nitric acid and concentrated sulfuric acid.
It is insoluble in water and soluble in diethyl ether. It is explosive upon impact or heat, but is more sensitive to impact in its liquid state than in its solid state.
It is mainly used as an explosive and gunpowder. It is sometimes used not only as a weapon but also as an industrial explosive when mixed with ammonium nitrate.
A substance with similar properties is picric acid (trinitrophenol). Picric acid used to be the main explosive used. However, TNT does not react with metals and is more stable than picric acid. Therefore, TNT is now used as the primary explosive.
Because TNT is widely known as an explosive, the unit of TNT equivalent is used to describe the energy of nuclear weapons.
*Including some distributors, etc.
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Kanto Chemical Co. Inc., founded in 1944 and headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, is a reagent manufacturer with overseas affiliates in other countries, including China, France, USA, Taiwan, and Malaysia. Its product portfolio includes analytical reagents, ionic liquids, Iodine compounds, ultra-pure chemicals, and water analysis kits. The company is also developing regenerative medicine and genetics reagents and has over 50,000 products. It has several certifications, including ISO 9001, acquired in 1994, making it the first Japanese company in the reagent industry. Other certifications are ISO 14001, ISO 13485, and ISO/IEC 17025.
Pharmaffiliates, established in 2001 and located in Gurgaon, India, is a manufacturer of pharmaceutical standards and services. The company provides Certified Reference Standards (CRS) used in analytical methods, as well as drug delivery systems like tablets, capsules, injectables, and deuterated compounds that aid in research and development, studying drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics. Pharmaffiliates also offers various services to the pharmaceutical industry, including custom synthesis, analytical research, stability studies, and formulation development.
Merck, started in 1668 and based in Darmstadt, Germany, is a supplier of solutions and services for research, development, and manufacture of pharmaceutical and biotechnological drug therapies. The company serves the life science industry and has a broad portfolio of 300,000 products, including biopharmaceutical manufacturing, industrial microbiology, reagent, life science research, and water purification products. It is available in 66 countries, brings together six brands, and has several ISO certifications, including ISO 13485, ISO 14001, ISO 13485, and ISO 50001.